Botanical Family: Piperaceae
Extraction Method/Origin: Steam distilled from berries—Egypt, India, Madagascar
Chemical Constituents: Monoterpenes (up to 70%): l-limonene (<15%), δ-3-carene (<15%), β-pinene (<14%), sabinene (<10%), α-phellandrene (<9%), α-pinene (<9%), α-thujene (<4%), γ- & α-terpinene (<7%), p-cymene (<3%), myrcene (<3%), terpinolene (<2%); Sesquiterpenes (up to 60%): β-caryophyllene (up to 35%), β-selinene (<8%), β-bisabolene (<5%), α-, β-, & δ-elemenes, β-farnesene, humulene, α-copaene, α-guaiene, α- & β- cubebenes; Oxides: caryophyllene oxide (<8%); Ketones (<2%): acetophenone, hydrocarvone, piperitone; Aldehydes: piperonal; Carboxylic Acids: piperonylic acid; Furanocoumarin: α-bergamotene.
Properties: Analgesic, anticatarrhal, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitoxic, aphrodisiac, expectorant, laxative, rubefacient, and stimulant (nervous, circulatory, digestive).
Common Primary Uses: Fainting.
Folklore: Pepper was used by the Egyptians in mummification as evidenced by the discovery of black pepper in the nostrils and abdomen of Ramses II. Indian monks ate several black pepper corns a day to maintain their incredible stamina and energy.
Historical Uses: Pepper has been used for thousands of years for malaria, cholera, and several digestive problems.
Other Possible Uses: This oil may increase cellular oxygenation, support digestive glands, stimulate the endocrine system, increase energy, and help rheumatoid arthritis. It may also help with addiction, loss of appetite, catarrh, chills, cholera, colds, colic, constipation, coughs, diarrhea, dysentery, dyspepsia, dysuria, flatulence (combine with fennel), flu, heartburn, influenza, nausea, neuralgia, poor circulation, poor muscle tone, quinsy, sprains, toothache, vertigo, viruses, and vomiting.
Body System(s) Affected: Digestive and Nervous Systems.
Aromatic Influence: Pepper is considered to be good for the 1st chakra. It is comforting and stimulating.
Application: Apply to Vita Flex Points and/or directly on area of concern; diffuse. Mix very sparingly with juniper and lavender in a bath to help with chills or to warm one up in the winter.
Oral Use As Dietary Suppliment: Generally regarded as safe (GRAS) for human consumption by the FDA. Dilute one drop oil in 1 tsp. honey or in 4 oz. of beverage (i.e. soy/rice milk). Not for children under 6 years old; use with caution and in greater dilution for children 6 years old and over.
Safety Data: Can cause extreme skin irritation.
Blends With: Cumin, fennel, frankincense, lavender, marjoram, rosemary, sandalwood, and other spice oils.
Odor: Type: Middle Note (50–80% of the blend);Scent: Spicy, peppery, musky, warm, with herbaceous undertones; Intensity: 3.